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Media Watch 2007

28 April 2007
Source: BBC
Author:
Comment: The following article appeared on BBC online on 28 April 2007.
Turkish ruling party warns army
"Turkey's ruling party has sharply criticised an army threat to intervene in politics, saying the military must remain under civilian control… The European Union earlier warned the army not to interfere in politics, saying the controversy was a test case for the military to respect democracy."

"Turkey's ruling party has sharply criticised an army threat to intervene in politics, saying the military must remain under civilian control.

Cemil Cicek, spokesman for the Islamist-rooted party, was commenting after an unusual statement by the army vowing to defend the secular system.

The army, which led coups in the past, said it was concerned by the party's choice of presidential candidate.

Mr Cicek said any army intervention was "inconceivable in a democratic state".

"The chief of the general staff is answerable to the prime minister," said Mr Cicek, who is also justice minister.

The European Union earlier warned the army not to interfere in politics, saying the controversy was a test case for the military to respect democracy.

The BBC's Sarah Rainsford says the army is sending a signal that it will not accept the candidate of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AK), Abdullah Gul, as the country's next president.

Mr Gul narrowly lost in the first round of the presidential election, which is held by parliament, on Friday.

'Productive talks'

Mr Cicek told reporters that the government had the "primary duty in protecting the basic tenets of the state".

Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan has been meeting his cabinet to discuss the situation.

According to Mr Cicek, the prime minister spoke to army chief Gen Yasar Buyukanit on Saturday afternoon and they had a "useful and productive" conversation.

Turkey is an EU candidate but entry negotiations have been partially frozen because of a dispute over Cyprus, and the EU is also concerned that Turkey's commitment to political reform is weakening.

EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said the row was "a clear test case whether the Turkish armed forces respect democratic secularization and democratic values".

History of coups

Our correspondent in Istanbul says the army statement late on Friday night caused a real stir in Turkey.

Many also believe that it is also a message to the judges in the constitutional court to declare the vote invalid and dissolve parliament, she adds.

The army has carried out three coups in the last 50 years - in 1960, 1971 and 1980 - and in 1997 it intervened to force Turkey's first Islamist Prime Minister, Necmettin Erbakan, from power.

The AK is an offshoot of Mr Erbakan's Welfare Party, which was banned in 1998.

The secularist Republican People's Party (CHP), which boycotted Friday's vote, said it would challenge the election in court because a quorum of MPs had not been obtained - a charge the AK denies.

A second round of voting is due on Wednesday and the court has said it will try to rule on the appeal before the vote.

TURKISH ARMY INTERVENTIONS
Coups in 1960, 1971 and 1980
Forced out first Islamist prime minister in 1997"